Beyond the Shadow of the Senators
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Clark Griffith was the owner of the Washington Senators. He refused to integrate his team for seven years after Jackie Robinson joined the Brooklyn Dodgers. During the 1940s, Griffith talked to Buck Leonard and Josh Gibson about playing for the Senators. Ultimately, however, Griffith did not sign them because he did not want to give up the $100,000 in stadium rentals that was receiving each season from Grays during their heyday in Washington in 1942 and 1943. Griffith's failure to integrate his team alienated his loyal black fan base and ultimately doomed his team in Washington.

Photo Credits: Josh Gibson - Art Carter Papers, Moorland-Spingarn Research Center, Howard University. Clark and Calvin Griffith - National Baseball Hall of Fame Library.